For those of you who have the opportunity to travel to the country of India, never miss the beauty of the heritage buildings of the Mughal Dynasty. The name of this dynasty is certainly no stranger to you soap lovers or Indian films.
Through films and soap operas, Jodha Akbar, the name of the Mughal kingdom is increasingly being heard. Even though the Mughal triumph had begun long before the time of Jalaludin Muhammad Akbar in power. The Mughal Empire itself had been established since 1526 and triumphed more than three centuries.
This Islamic kingdom controls almost all of India’s land and even extends to Pakistan. The 17th century itself was the culmination of Mughal victory by becoming one of the world’s economic powers.
So it’s no wonder there are many magnificent buildings built at this time. These buildings are examples.
- Agra Fort
The stretch of the Agra Fort or Agra Fort covers 94 hectares, located parallel to the Yamuna River and 2 kilometers northwest of the TajMahal. Precisely in the city of Agra, Uttar Pradesh, North India. Agra Fort has been around since the time of Sikarwar Rajputs.
But after falling into the hands of the Mughal Dynasty, Akbar carried out a massive renovation of the fort on this fort. It takes more than 4000 workers and eight years of completion.
The city of Agra was used as the capital of the Mughal empire and made this fort the main residence of the emperors of the Mughal dynasty until 1638.
- Jahangir Palace
Jahangir Palace or Jahangir Mahal is a palace belonging to Prince Salim’s son from Jalaludin Muhammad Akbar and Mariam-uz-Zamani or what we remember as Jodha.
This palace is located in ParyatanBhawan, Orachha, Madhya Pradesh, India. Jahangie itself is taken from the name of Prince Salim when he was an adult.
- Jodha Palace
If you are curious about where Queen Jodha lives, then in JodhaBaiMahal this is the place. Precisely in the Dadupura area, FatehpurSikri, Uttar Pradesh, India. This palace is one of the most interesting examples of the merging of Rajput and Mughal architectural styles.
- Red Fort
The Red Fort or Red Fort was the main residence of the Emperor of the Mughal Dynasty for almost 200 years until 1856. Emperor Shah Jahan commissioned the construction of the Red Fort on 12 May 1639, when he decided to move his capital from Agra to Delhi.
The name of the TajMahal is certainly no stranger to the ears of the Indonesian people. This white ivory marble palace located on the southern edge of the Yamuna River, Agra India is actually a meal from MumtazMahal, Shah Jahan’s favorite wife. Built from 1632-1653. The TajMahal is considered the best example of Mughal architecture and a symbol of the history of India’s wealth. You can also opt for luxury train to visit agra
- Akbar’s Tomb
The tomb of the great emperor was built in 1604–1613 and covers an area of 119 hectares in Sikandra, suburb of Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. Although the tomb’s construction was completed by his son Prince Salim in 1605-1613 but Jalaludin Muhammad Akbar was the one who chose the location of his burial.
Diwan-i-Khas or also known as Shah Mahal is actually part of the Red Fort. This building functions as a place for the Mughal emperor to receive palace and state guests. At first the ceiling of the Diwan-i-Khas was coated in gold and silver, but was dismantled because of successive financial crises experienced by the kingdom.
BulandDarwaza means the gate of victory, this building was built in 1601 AD by Akbar to commemorate his victory over Gujarat. BulandDarwaza is the main entrance to the palace in FatehpurSikri, a city located 43 km from Agra, India.
PanchMahal is a palace in FatehpurSikri, Uttar Pradesh, India. PanchMahal is also known as Badgir which means wind catcher tower. The building stands close to Zenana (Harem) and is used for entertainment and relaxation where the royal women sit while enjoying the wind and the view of FatehpurSikri and nearby cities.
Although it was built by Akbar, the PanchMahal architecture was inspired by a Buddhist temple.
- Jama Masjid
Jama Masjid is one of the largest mosques in India. This mosque was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan between 1644 and 1656. It became the royal mosque of the emperors until the end of the Mughal period. This mosque is also one of the largest mosques in India. The yard can accommodate more than 25,000 people.
- Humayun Tomb
Humayun’s tomb or Maqbaera e Humayun is the tomb of Mughal Emperor Humayun located in Delhi, India. Humayun is the father of Jalaludin Muhammad Akbar. Humayun’s first wife, Empress Bega Begum, ordered the construction of this tomb. Humayun’s Tomb is the first garden tomb in India.
Seeing the splendor of these buildings is not surprising if the Mughal Dynasty is called one of the dynasties that triumphed in the 17th century.
Fortunately, the Indian government continues to preserve this heritage as one of the country’s sources of income.