The Union Cabinet on Wednesday approved the scrapping of the no-detention policy in schools till Class VIII.
The cabinet also approved HRD ministry’s plan of creating 20 world-class institutions in the country.
An enabling provision will be made in the Right of Children for Free and Compulsory Education Amendment Bill which will allow states to detain students in class 5 and class 8 if they fail in the year-end exam.
However students get second chance to write exam and pass.
The bill will now be placed in the Parliament for approval.
According to the current provision students automatically promoted up to class VIII which came in to force on April 1,2010.
But now they will be tested twice – in class V and VIII and those who fails in the March exam will be given another chance in May. Else the students will be detained in the same class.
There have been several instances of large scale failures in classes XI and these were seen as due to the lack of qualitative and quantitative assessments in earlier classes.
On ocassions students protested and turned violent.
The class X board exam was optional and it was only recently that a decision has been taken to bring it back from March, 2018.
This experiment of no-detention and automatic promotion affected the learning outcome adversely.
Now 24 states explicitly stated as much and two committees did the same. The central advisory board of education (CABE) adopted the sub-committee’s recommendation for rolling out the changed policy in a phased manner.
The proposed amendment seeks to improve the learning levels of children. The four states which may not immediately adopt the no-detention policy are Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Maharashtra.