The Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR) commissioned perhaps the largest ever Voter Survey in any country. The survey was conducted between October 2018 and December 2018, prior to the General Elections to the Lok Sabha 2019. It covered 534 Lok Sabha constituencies with 2,73,487 voters participating in this exercise spread among various demographics. The three main objectives of this survey were to identify the following: (i) voters’ priorities on specific governance issues, (ii) voters’ ratings of the government’s performance on those issues, and (iii) factors affecting voting behaviour.
Focusing on Andhra Pradesh, this report provides an analysis of 10 most important governance issues as rated by the voters of Andhra Pradesh (out of the 31 listed in the questionnaire). These voters’ priorities are further examined in relation to the performance of the Government on those issues as perceived by the respondents. A three-level scale of GOOD, AVERAGE and BAD was used, where GOOD was given weightage equal to 5, Average was weighted 3 and BAD was weighted as 1. The survey covered approximately 12,500 respondents across all 25 parliamentary constituencies of Andhra Pradesh.
- The Andhra Pradesh Survey 2018 shows that Better Employment Opportunities (46.14%), Drinking Water (45.25%) and Better Hospitals/Primary Healthcare Centres (31.40%) are the top three voters’ priorities in overall Andhra Pradesh.
- The performance of the government on all top three voters’ priorities of Better Employment Opportunities (2.10 on a scale of 5), Drinking Water (2.04) and Better Health Care (2.72) was rated as Below Average.
- In rural Andhra Pradesh, top most voters’ priorities were Availability of Water for Agriculture (48%), Agriculture Subsidy for Seeds/Fertilisers (46%) and Electricity for Agriculture (44%).
- The performance of the government on rural voters’ priorities of Availability of Water for Agriculture (2.13 on a scale of 5), Agriculture Subsidy for Seeds/Fertilisers (1.99) and Electricity for Agriculture (2.19) was rated as Below Average.
- In addition, the government has performed poorly in providing Better Employment Opportunities (2.08) and Drinking Water (2.12) in rural Andhra Pradesh.
- For the urban voters in Andhra Pradesh, the top most priorities were Better Employment Opportunities (58%), Drinking Water (55%), and Water and Air Pollution (53%).
- The performance of the government on urban voters’ priorities of Better Employment Opportunities (2.13), Drinking Water (1.91), and Water and Air Pollution (2.19) was rated as Below Average.
- In addition, the government has performed poorly on Noise Pollution (1.96) and Traffic Congestion (1.98) in urban Andhra Pradesh.
Top 3 Voters’ Priorities and the Performance of Government in Andhra Pradesh – Overall and Rural & Urban