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Thursday , 25 April 2019
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Bihar Survey Report 2018

The Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR) commissioned perhaps the largest ever Voter Survey in any country. The survey was conducted between October 2018 and December 2018, prior to the General Elections to the Lok Sabha 2019. It covered 534 Lok Sabha constituencies with 2,73,487 voters participating in this exercise spread among various demographics. The three main objectives of this survey were to identify the following: (i) voters’ priorities on specific governance issues, (ii) voters’ ratings of the government’s performance on those issues, and (iii) factors affecting voting behaviour.

Focusing on Bihar, this report provides an analysis of 10 most important governance issues as rated by the voters of Bihar (out of the 31 listed in the questionnaire). These voters’ priorities are further examined in relation to the performance of the Government on those issues as perceived by the respondents. A three-level scale of GOOD, AVERAGE and BAD was used, where GOOD was given weightage equal to 5, Average was weighted 3 and BAD was weighted as 1. The survey covered approximately 20,000 respondents across all 40 parliamentary constituencies of Bihar.

KEY FINDINGS

  •  The Bihar Survey 2018 shows that Better Employment Opportunities (49.95%), Availability of Water for Agriculture (41.43%) and Better Hospitals/Primary Healthcare Centres (39.09%) are the top three voters’ priorities in overall Bihar.
  • The performance of the government on all top three voters’ priorities of Better Employment Opportunities (2.05 on a scale of 5), Availability of Water for Agriculture (2.08) and Better Hospitals/Primary Healthcare Centres (2.10) was rated as Below Average.
  • In rural Bihar, top most voters’ priorities were Better Employment Opportunities (50%), Availability of Water for Agriculture (48%) and Agriculture Loan Availability (42%).
  • The performance of the government on rural voters’ priorities of Better Employment Opportunities (2.06 on a scale of 5), Availability of Water for Agriculture (2.08) and Agriculture Loan Availability (1.91) was rated as Below Average.
  • In addition, the government has performed poorly in providing Electricity for Agriculture (1.93) and Higher Price Realization of Farm Products (1.99).
  • For the urban voters in Bihar, the top most priorities were Better Employment Opportunities (47%), Drinking Water (46%) and Better Hospitals/Primary Healthcare Centres (43%).
  • The performance of the government on urban voters’ priorities of Better Employment Opportunities (1.97 on a scale of 5), Drinking Water (2.12) and Better Healthcare (1.97) was rated as Below Average.
  • In addition, the government has performed poorly on Traffic Congestion (1.91) and Electricity for Domestic Use (1.98).

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