“God doesn’t expect us to solve all the world’s problems. He expects us not to create them.”
Climate is an aggregate of environmental conditions involving heat, moisture and motion and any study of climate must consider extremes in addition to means, trends, fluctuations, probabilities and their variations in time and space. In a satirical way climate is the average of weather conditions that is occurring over a particular area for a long period of time. Oblivious attitude of human beings towards their own living planet has resulted in inadvertent climatic change which is mounting to form dangerous heap of destruction for them. However, here we are going to talk about climatic change in India and what are the various challenges that are coming up due to these changes. Indians need to prepare and combat this discordance that is occurring in the country.
First challenge is the leviathan amplification in the global warming which is occurring due to enormous felling down of trees and increased carbon dioxide concentration. Global warming is actually the accumulation of heat units within the lower atmosphere thus heating up the entire country. It occurs due to aggravated carbon dioxide concentration in the atmosphere. This carbon dioxide is also being released by the humongous population in India which is increasing at a rapid rate and it is declared to be the largest populated country till 2022. This aggravated carbon dioxide concentration has formed an envelope in the lower atmosphere which has resulted in trapping the long wavelengths at night which are not being allowed to pass thus resulting in accumulation of heat units near the Earth’s surface. This accumulated heat causes increase in temperature. At 2.5degree Celsius warming is threatening the stability and reliability of Northern India’s primarily glacier fed rivers,particularly Indus and Brahmaputra. Alteration in the flow of major rivers significantly impacts the lives of people living along the basin (209 million in the Indus Basin, 478 million in the Ganges Basin and 62 million in the Brahmaputra Basin were affected in the year 2005).Solution to the problem is investment in water storage capacity so that this water can compensate during late season when water flow is less. The problem of rise in sea level is prevalent in coastal areas like Mumbai and Chennai. Urbanization has resulted in intrusion of water over land which will further increase to cause damage through salinity increase in the crop land and problem of cholera,diarrhea as bacteria survives in saline water for a long time. Solution to the problem is promulgation of building codes and urban planning. Coastal embankments need to be built. Our staple food grains Rice and Wheat are being jeopardized by the changing climate. Rising temperatures and lower rainfall at the end of the growing season of Rice has resulted in decreased yield while in case of Wheat extreme high temperatures in Northern India >34 degree centigrade had a negative impact on yields. This is the sabotage effect of human being that is lobbying the food security.
Debbie Wasserman Schultz: “To be clear, climate change is a true 800 pound gorilla in the room. This effect of global warming threatens global environmental upheaval over the coming century.”
Even methane from the paddy field is contributing to voracious increase in global warming and maximum contribution is by India because submerged condition of paddy is practiced mostly in India. This is cognizable to all that propensity to life style, building and lavish things has resulted in decreased attention to the country. The fallacious ways given legally need to be kept aside,prudence should be followed in making these important decisions. The aggressivenes due to climate change is visible through the KEDARNATH DISASTER that occurred on 16th June 2013. First evident solution is curtailing the increasing population which is increasing at a rate incongruous with the environment. To limit the population, first of all the illiterate and poor sections of the society need to be made aware of the ways to curtail the reproductive capacity. The steps need to be taken at the ground level, then slowly it can be taken to a higher level where it would give success but for this we need to wait but work extensively in this waiting period. Following the curtailing steps we then need to take legal steps.
Various steps at global level taken by India are the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change which prepares scientific assessments on various aspects of climate change. Presently a Protocol named KYOTO PROTOCOL had been signed by various countries including India on 16th February 2005 in order to limit Green House Gases emitted by various countries. However the contribution has been nil even the policies are not working in away to improve the situation.
Kofi Annan: “If governments are unwilling to lead when leadership is required, people must. We need a global grass roots movement that tackles climate change and its fallout.”
The effect of climate change has been observed curbing our food security. The recent suicides of farmers in Rajasthan,Bihar,Maharashtra is all due to the climate changes which has resulted in loss of crop that has been followed by increased debts on families of farmers, thus resulting in the inferno action taken by them. INCOIS studies have revealed that excess heat sequestered by the Pacific Ocean from Green House Gases emission is transported to the Indian Ocean through Ocean Currents. Scientists believe that this heat uptake has the potential to change atmospheric circulation, affecting the Asian Monsoon.
“ Understanding the process of climate change is key to the formulation of mitigation strategies.” Dr. Shenoi says.Around 113 lakh ha area has been destructed by the off season rains(early rainfall) and it has resulted in loss of yield as well as losses to the farmers. 65% of the agricultural land in India is rainfed and if the rains occur irregularly then the food security is disturbed. The rains are not occurring at the befit time due to which abnormal growth of the plant is prevalent, as certain stages in plant life are sensitive to irrigation. If the rice crop is not irrigated at Crown Root Initiation stage then the growth will be stunted and inadequate grain filling will be there. To avoid these situations Contigency Farming is the major strategy that is coming up. Indiscriminate use of chemicals and affluent discharge in water bodies is ultimately leading to harm the crops through acid rains causing necrosis and burning of the plants. A decline in monsoon rainfall has been observed since 1950’s, a 2degree rise in world’s average temperature makes India’s summer monsoon highly unpredictable. India’s north western coast and south eastern coastal region could see increase in the average rainfall . In India dry years are expected to be drier and wet wetter. Improved hydrometeorological systems for weather forecasting and installation of flood warning systems can help people move out before weather related disaster strikes. In 1987-2003 droughts affected more than half of India’s crop land leading to huge loss in food production. Droughts are common in Northwest India Jharkhand,Odisha and Chhattisgarh and a huge downfall in food production is expected due to extreme heat by 2040s.For preventing Drought disasters farmers need to get aware of drought resistance crops and use them for crop production to avoid losses in yield.
The recent urge of the country to join UN Security Council and their meet with the Pacific Island countries for a permanent seat in UN may build into a successful association to combat climate change. The recent articles regarding “Swach Bharat Abhiyan” in Delhi has been quite hap in THE HINDU newspaper. The entire state page was devoted to this article in order to speed awareness among the authorities and society.The regions along the Ganga-Brahmaputra – Meghna basin are already belligerent over water sharing and the migrating people from the disaster affected regions are also increasing this water tension.Regional cooperation is the best way to mitigate such problems.The cynical behavior and increasing avarice of people in India has made the people ignoramus to continuous decreasing rains and irregular rainfall which is also affecting Thermal and Hydrological powers. This in turn is resulting in power cuts and electricity deadlock.
Albert Einstein: “We need a substantially new way of thinking if humanity is to survive.”
The people of India need to envision India as a country which they can embellish. The perfidy existing in the country needs to be eradicated and the government as well as the citizens need to endorse ways to make their existence and authority valuable. The cynical way of thinking has resulted in India fraught emanating problems of global warming,food insecurity,water tensions,power cuts and these can be made propitious to us through our vetted ways. Radicalisation of thoughts is the major issue and it needs to be followed in order to mitigate the climatic changes which would one day change the World.
“The climate change deniers are rapidly ending up with as much intellectual credibility as creationists and flat earthers….they are denying the reality of a force that unless will change the way we live pretty fast will kill millions.”
By: Himani Padalia