– Causes, Risks, Prevention and Treatment
The medical condition of fatty liver disease is also known by the name Hepatic Steatosis. While the liver always has small amounts of fat stored in it, the excess of fat built up within the organ can be a health problem. Excess of fat cells do not allow the liver to undertake its normal functions including protein synthesis or detoxification, and a liver damage or injury may also occur leading to complete liver failure. Other diseases such as Type-2 Diabetes may also associate with fat metabolism and with a form of fatty liver disease called Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD). Deposition of excessive fat may lead to inflammation within the liver, and which will eventually lead to other severe conditions.
A concentration of more than 5% of fats characterises the presence of fatty liver disease. Fatty liver disease is the entirely reversible condition if timely medical intervention is made at any of the leading liver hospitals in Delhi. But liver cirrhosis or permanent scarring of the liver tissue (which may block the flow of blood to the liver) will occur if treatment is not provided within time.
Diseases including Diabetes Mellitus, excessive consumption of alcohol, obesity, the side effect of some medications, genetic inheritance, or present of higher fat level within the blood (hyperlipidemia) are the risk factors and causes for fatty liver disease. An expert liver doctor will give you more information about the exact cause of your condition.
Diagnosis of Fatty Liver Disease
Fatty liver disease can be diagnosed through physical examination, blood tests, imaging techniques (including CT scan and MRI), and liver biopsy. Of all the methods available liver biopsy still remains the best test for determining the state of the liver and to know the severity of any liver disease including the fatty liver disease.
Precautions and steps to follow
The doctor will treat you with medications and other therapeutic procedures and certain lifestyle changes may also be required when you have fatty liver disease. Some of the steps that need to be taken when you have been diagnosed with fatty liver disease include:
- Losing excess weight
- Avoiding alcohol
- Getting vaccinated for the hepatitis viruses
- Use of medications and vitamins for improving the health of the liver through pharmacologic therapies
- Treatment of diseases including diabetes and heart disease to ensure the blood sugar levels and cholesterol levels are maintained and are not excessive
In most cases, fatty liver disease does not progress to advance and more severe liver diseases. The liver is also capable to heal itself and can regenerate its tissues and cells. Abuse of alcohol and other conditions can also cause fatty liver disease. It is good to practice good habits like consumption of nutritive diet and doing exercises regularly to avoid obesity. You can also get your liver examined through clinical tests once a while and the results may provide to your physician valuable data that can help him deduce the exact health condition of your liver.
Leading multispecialty hospitals in India are attended by expert doctors who can provide you with the best treatment for your liver condition through the best of medical equipment and medications. Liver transplant is also possible at these leading centres and the therapeutic procedure is now getting increasingly common.