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Friday , 19 April 2019
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Meghalaya Survey Report 2018

The Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR) commissioned perhaps the largest ever Voter Survey in any country. The survey was conducted between October 2018 and December 2018, prior to the General Elections to the Lok Sabha 2019. It covered 534 Lok Sabha constituencies with 2,73,487 voters participating in this exercise spread among various demographics. The three main objectives of this survey were to identify the following: (i) voters’ priorities on specific governance issues, (ii) voters’ ratings of the government’s performance on those issues, and (iii) factors affecting voting behaviour.

Focusing on Meghalaya, this report provides an analysis of the 10 most important governance issues as rated by the voters of Meghalaya (out of the 31 listed in the questionnaire). These voters’ priorities are further examined in relation to the performance of the Government on those issues as perceived by the respondents. A three-level scale of GOOD, AVERAGE and BAD was used, where GOOD was given weightage equal to 5, Average was weighted 3 and BAD was weighted as 1. The survey covered 1,000 respondents across two parliamentary constituencies in Meghalaya.

KEY FINDINGS

  • The Meghalaya Survey 2018 shows that Agriculture Subsidy for Seeds/Fertilisers (37.93%), Availability of Water for Agriculture (36.13%), and Higher Price Realization for Farm Products (35.22%) are the top three voters’ priorities in overall Meghalaya.
  • The performance of the government on all top three voters’ priorities of Agriculture Subsidy for Seeds/Fertilisers (1.40 on a scale of 5), Availability of Water for Agriculture (1.15), and Higher Price Realization for Farm Products (1.18) was rated as Below Average.
  • In rural Meghalaya, top most voters’ priorities were Agriculture Subsidy for Seeds/Fertilisers (42%), Availability of Water for Agriculture (40%), and Higher Price Realization for Farm Products (39%)
  • The performance of the government on rural voters’ priorities of Agriculture Subsidy for Seeds/Fertilisers (1.40 on a scale of 5), Availability of Water for Agriculture (1.15), and Higher Price Realization for Farm Products (1.18) was rated as Below Average.
  • In addition, the government has performed poorly in providing Electricity for Agriculture (1.20) and Better Law and Order/Policing (1.94) in Rural Meghalaya.
  • For the urban voters in Meghalaya, the top most priorities were Better Roads (46%), School Education (46%), and Subsidised Food/Ration (45%).
  • The performance of the government on urban voters’ priorities of Better Roads (1.80 on a scale of 5), School Education (1.71), and Subsidised Food/Ration (1.4) was rated as Below Average.
  • In addition, the government has performed poorly in providing Drinking Water (1.5) and School Education (1.71) in Urban Meghalaya.

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