As confirmed by a report from World Health Organization, toxic pollutant levels can lead to early death for an estimated total of 7 million people in the globe annually. The database released for global air and land pollution came as real shocker for India as 14 from a total of 15 cities that are most polluted in the entire world actually belong to our country. The 15th in this list was Kuwait while Kanpur topped the list of being most polluted.
Here is a list of the top 14 places in India with highest pollution level:
1-Kanpur-173 (per PM 2.5 Level)
- Kanpur, Faridabad, Agra, Lucknow, and Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh): While people all over the country have tagged Delhi as the most polluted city, as we saw, the news here isn’t true. These cities in Uttar Pradesh have been focused on excelling as popular industrial sectors, so much so that the air all around is surrounded with toxic cocktail comprised of soot and dust. With the Ganges River compromised, the government has invested more than 20,000 crores to clean up the river but things aren’t accelerating as planned. Cities that top in air pollution will now get INR 700 crore for the fiscal year for addition of more system aimed towards air-quality monitoring. This money shall also be used for the purchase of equipments such as water-sprinklers that help settle down the dust particles making the breathable air quality much better. The soil as well as ground water in the area is also contaminated with exponential levels of harmful chromium leading to several disastrous health issues.
- Delhi: When it comes to the most polluted metropolis, not just in India, but in the world, Delhi tops the rank. With rates of breathing issues and similar ailments rising significantly in the area, the local government has been trying to implement several plans to curb the use of automobiles, industries, and similar practices that contribute to pollution. The government now plans to introduce high charges for vehicle parking and tax on dieselisation which will significantly increase use of cycles and footwork given the high charges. The Arvind Kejriwal government also tried to implement odd even days for the use of vehicles in the capital but it turned out to be a disaster given the lack of proper planning. The government has also started encouraging the use of CNG fuels available at cheaper prices which has efficiently reduced pollution to quite an extent. Additionally, plans for improvement of walkability and creation of more paths for cycles are under process for near future.
- Faridabad and Gurgaon (Haryana): Haryana being in close proximity to Delhi is equally affected from the intense pollution levels in its cities such as Gurgaon and Faridabad. The local government has introduced a series of streamlined inspection for various categories of industries in these cities. The ones in red category as defined by the CPCB shall be inspected every 3 years for adherence to norms set by the pollution control board. The others in red category not mentioned by CPCB shall be inspected every 5 years while the ones in orange category shall be inspected every 7 years. The green category industries shall be inspected every 10 years.
Similarly, other cities such as Gaya, Muzaffarpur, Srinagar, Patiala, Jodhpur, and many more north bound cities are struggling through pollution hassles. Steps are being implemented starting from the ban of plastics to introduction of CNG-based vehicles. However, changes require time and it completely depends on the citizens and the way these changes are accepted by the locals to ensure that they actually work towards the benefit of the country and general well-being.