Gone are those times when young girls and boys would think of getting married in early 20’s and plan a baby soon after. The changing trends and ideations of the youth of the country have been shifting towards a more career oriented. The modification in mindsets has resulted in family planning taking a back seat with greater empowerment and life choices also for women.
This delay in marriages with career orientation on the upfront is definitely appreciable in an orthodoxical country like ours. However, this change is also accompanied with difficulty in conceiving for women with lowered levels of sperm quality for the men.
Even though this problem is alarming but the expanding healthcare system and development of medical science has eventually eased out and relieved several intending parents.
- In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
IVF is an infertility treatment that involves in putting the eggs and sperms together outside the human body. With the means of natural selection, the egg generally lets only one sperm to enter and this results in the process of fertilization. This whole process is undertaken in laboratories under expert supervision.
After fertilization, the embryos are grown and developed before it is actually implanted into the uterus of a woman. The final results related to the pregnancy can only be confirmed after a time period of 15 days. This treatment is one of the most effective and operative treatments and have really high success rates. This process enhances the chance of pregnancy in women and has been widely accepted by several intending parents.
- Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
This Assisted Reproductive Technology method is safe and effective in treating unproductiveness of the patient and especially when one is tackling the natural barriers such as poor semen quality, PCOS, ovulation disorders and problems in cervix. This process actually helps in the course of conception.
IUI or intrauterine insemination is a simple remedial technique or practice that comprises deposition of washed sperms into the uterus of the intending parent. In IUI treatment, a semen sample in a nutrient medium is placed in the uterine cavity which in turn allows sperms to reach uterus.
- Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) is an advanced form of In Vitro Fertilization procedure that actually assists in resolving sperm-related issues.
In the ICSI procedure, a single sperm is directly inserted into an egg for the completion of the process of fertilization.
Since the male infertility is much more intricate than the female infertility, this extension to IVF helps in a successful fertilization to take place.
- Assisted Hatching
Assisted hatching is a scientific technique that improves the implantation of embryos into the women’s uterine lining. This is created by an opening through which the embryo can hatch out.
Just prior to embryo implantation, the developing embryo must hatch out of its outer shell. Some embryos seem to have a thicker shell that may reduce their capability to implant. This may be due to the increasing age of the woman and several other unknown reasons.
This process generally helps those intending parents who have had recurring IVF failure, sever endometriosis, post thaw embryos and also women with increasing age.
The above mentioned medical processes have definitely eased out the lives of several intending couples who have had multiple failures while conceiving.
In conversation with Dr. Rita Bakshi, Senior Gynaecologist and IVF Expert, International Fertility Centre