The first Scorpene submarine INS Kalvari has been delivered to the Indian Navy by Mazagon Docks. It will soon be officially inducted into the India Navy and commissioned into service. The Indian Navy will get more of these in the coming years. The INS Kalvari (tiger shark) Scorpene submarines are being built in collaboration with France under the plan named ‘Project-75’. The project is worth Rs 23,652 crore and a total of six such submarines will be built and delivered to the Indian Navy. One submarine has already been handed to the Navy today. The submarines are being built at Mazagon Docks in Mumbai. The Scorpene submarine project is very important since India currently has an ageing submarine fleet that needs to be upgraded.
The current submarine fleet is old and often faces problems, resulting in holes in security cover over the vast oceans. India also has two nuclear powered submarines, but they don’t have the capability to fire nuclear-tipped ballistic missiles. The INS Arihant and INS Chakra are the two nuclear-powered submarines and they have been acquired from Russia. They have been acquired on lease. For comprehensive protection, India needs around six nuclear-powered attack subs (SSNs) and four nuclear-powered subs with nuclear-tipped missiles (SSBNs). India is also working on other major deals to strengthen Indian Navy. Proposals worth Rs 70,000 crore are being evaluated, wherein foreign firms would be building various submarines in collaboration with Indian shipyard.