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Wednesday , 21 February 2018
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Role of Youth in eradicating corruption in India_

We have been discussing on this thought for about a decade now, but unfortunately there is not much difference in the situations prevailing in our country. India has been facing the issue of corruption from ages now. Even Kautilya has described 38 types of corruption in his magnum opus Arthashashtra. Indian has the world’s largest youth population according to a UN report[1]. India has 356 million youth consisting of 28 percent of the total population.  Youth are the true soldiers to build a corruption free India as they are aware of all the technologies which can make this dream come true.

One day the king Akbar wanted to test whether his people are really obedient to him. According to Birbal’s instructions, the king announced that he would be going for hunting, and people should pour a pot of milk in a tub kept in the courtyard. After a day or two, when Akbar returned from hunting, he found that there was no milk in the tub. It was filled only with water. Everyone thought that it is completely fine if they pour a pot of water as all others would pour a pot of milk. As a result, none poured a pot of milk. Akbar was disappointed. 

Whenever we hear the word corruption, we tend to point our finger towards the politicians and the government officials. But, we should not oversee the fact that the remaining four fingers are pointing towards us. Corruption is connected to human beings. Which means, it is connected to each and every one of us. Yet, we look upon someone else in our society like corrupted politicians and public officers to tackle the issue of corruption. However, little do we realize that those are the politicians and the officers we chose!

Paying for a taxi ride, movie ticket or food delivery is easier in Nairobi than it is in New York. Why is it so? It is because of a disruptive innovation of Kenyan youth. They founded M-PESA which is by far the most successful scheme of its type on this earth. Due to this idea, Kenya became the world’s leading mobile money system[2]. Indian youth are no less. We found many app interfaces through which the money transactions were made more transparent.

Having said that, technology alone cannot eradicate corruption in India. Youth need to share their knowledge with the rural population and educate them on how to use mobile banking system, online payments and transactions through apps. This will increase the amount of money a farmer can earn because intermediaries are eliminated. Indian farmers should be in a position to place their yield for purchase directly to the buyer which reduces the additional costs of sending it from wholesaler through retailer to buyer. So, Indian youth should strive to imbibe the usage of technology in the house of every farmer.

In order to achieve the dream for cashless system in India, we need make the system less-cash. Youth can impact to a greater extent in implementing the fintech technologies like bitcoin, block chain and mining which makes the entire system transparent. This will be the next level of corruption free India. Though we are not in a position to embrace these technologies completely, we can achieve it one day by ensuring the rural population is also equally educated about these technologies.

Today, corruption is evident in every aspect of our society be it education, politics, services, business and media. Youth can curb corruption through social media as well. For example, consider educational sector. Change.org created a petition to cancel the irrational hike in fee for the existing students of the private colleges of UTPU[3]. Change.org and ipetition.org are the online platforms to create petitions and post them online without any technical background knowledge. If your petition is relevant, people will vote for it and it gets heard to the person whom who petitioned for. These online platforms are the brainchild’s of Indian Youth. This way, we can pinpoint anything against anyone on social media platform, provided that it is relevant. Social media is a powerful weapon to fight back corruption if used in a right way. Youth should realize the importance of media to dampen the corruption trends in India. Our country is known for freedom of speech and expression. It is on us to make the best out of it.

Most of the corporate bodies in India are being led by young professionals. They have a critical role to play in order to push back corruption from Indian economy. All the corporate bodies are supposed to contribute 2 percent of their profits as CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) funds. A survey by accounting firm KPMG found that 52 of the country’s largest 100 companies failed to spend the required 2 percent as per 2016[4]. It is time for the young professionals to get back their senses and know that India is not confined by the boundaries, rather it is bounded by the people living inside these boundaries.

Red tapism[5] is one of the root causes of corruption in India. Even in these days, at some corner of the government and a few private bodies, red tapism is evident. It might be due to mere negligence, jealousy and lethargic attitude. Indian citizens should raise their voice against red tapism. Youth can alleviate the issue of Red Tapism by using e-governess, e-clearance and transparent economy.

 

Nepotism is another root cause of corruption. A politician’s son becomes a politician though there are many young people who are more efficient than him. Due to the incapability and inefficiency of a particular politician who came into power due to recommendation, citizens might lose their hope on Indian democracy as a whole. To prevent this to happen, youth should take an initiative and participate in politics voluntarily. Government should provide them the required platforms.

By: Jyothi Sree Movva

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