The Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR) commissioned perhaps the largest ever Voter Survey in any country. The survey was conducted between October 2018 and December 2018, prior to the General Elections to the Lok Sabha 2019. It covered 534 Lok Sabha constituencies with 2,73,487 voters participating in this exercise spread among various demographics. The three main objectives of this survey were to identify the following: (i) voters’ priorities on specific governance issues, (ii) voters’ ratings of the government’s performance on those issues, and (iii) factors affecting voting behaviour.
Focusing on Sikkim, this report provides an analysis of 10 most important governance issues as rated by the voters of Sikkim (out of the 31 listed in the questionnaire). These voters’ priorities are further examined in relation to the performance of the Government on those issues as perceived by the respondents. A three-level scale of GOOD, AVERAGE and BAD was used, where GOOD was given weightage equal to 5, Average was weighted 3 and BAD was weighted as 1. The survey covered nearly 500 respondents in the state of Sikkim.
- The Sikkim Survey 2018 shows that Better Hospitals/Healthcare Centres (47.89%), Drinking Water (46.51%) and Better Roads (44.75%)are the top three voters’ priorities in overall Sikkim.
- The performance of the government on all top three voters’ priorities of Better Hospitals/Healthcare Centres (2.05 on a scale of 5), Drinking Water (1.94) and Better Roads (2.91) was rated as Below Average.
- In rural Sikkim, top most voters’ priorities were Higher Price Realisation for Farm Products (49%), Better Hospitals/Primary Healthcare Centres (48%), and Availability of Water for Agriculture (48%).
- The performance of the government on rural voters’ priorities of Higher Price Realisation for Farm Products (1.93 on a scale of 5), Better Hospitals/Primary Healthcare Centres (2.09), and Availability of Water for Agriculture (1.75) was rated as Below Average.
- In addition, the government has performed poorly in providing Agriculture Subsidy for Seeds/Fertilisers (1.93) and Drinking Water (2.00) in rural Sikkim.
- For the urban voters in Sikkim, the top most priorities were Better Employment Opportunities (49%), Better Hospitals/Primary Healthcare Centres (47%), and School Education (43%).
- The performance of the government on urban voters’ priorities of Better Employment Opportunities (2.75), Better Hospitals/Primary Healthcare Centres (1.77), and School Education (2.75) was rated as Below Average.
- In addition, the government has performed poorly in providing Facility for cyclists and pedestrians on roads (1.37) and Drinking Water (1.55) in urban Sikkim.