Including exercises in your daily routine is good for your health, but sometimes injuries can happen while performing any physical activity due to accidents, poor training practices, or improper gear. Some people get hurt because they are not in shape. One should always warm-up and stretches enough before playing any sport or else he/she may end up having injuries. All sort of sports are very prone to sports injuries as such activities comprise of strenuous activities, increase usual wear and tear of the tissues and may require immediate medical attention. Overuse, sudden trauma or injuries can put your ligaments, tendons and cartilages in a state of tension and can lead to the end of the sports career.
The most common sports injuries are
- Sprains and strains
- Knee injuries
- Swollen muscles
- Achilles tendon injuries
- Pain along the shin bone
- Rotator cuff injuries
Sports injuries can make your life troublesome and may ruin the sports career for many people. Traditional treatments for sports injuries can demand long periods of recovery, keeps you out of the game for a long time and tiresome rehabilitation procedures.
Sports injuries can be grouped into 5 major categories:
- Injuries of Bone
- Injuries of Soft tissue – like muscle, ligaments, tendons, cartilage
- Injuries of Joint
- Injuries of Head
- Injuries of Overuse – caused by repetitive activities especially use of ligaments and muscles
Fortunately, advancement in the field of Regenerative Medicine makes it possible to heal the sports injuries in time with negligible complications with the help of stem cell therapy for sports injuries. Stem cells are a promising treatment for musculoskeletal injuries as quoted by Orthopedic Journal of Sports Medicine.
Stem cell treatment for sports injuries involves greater isolation of the Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSC) or the adult stem cells found in the fatty tissue of your own body. These cells are capable of producing proteins that help in the promotion of tissue regeneration and healing. At the peak of our health, the body is able to do this naturally. However, this becomes greatly decreased due to aging and damages caused by injuries. As stem cells are obtained directly from the patient’s own body, so there is no danger of immune system rejection.
Stem cells found in bone marrow or adipose tissues are the best at promoting musculoskeletal healing. During the process of Stem cell treatment for arthritis or any sport’s injury, the stem cells are withdrawn from the patient’s own cells isolated from autologous tissues such as bone marrow (hip bone) and/or adipose tissue (belly fat) with the application of local anesthesia. The entire process takes about 7-8 hours. These cells are then purified and enriched with the pure population of stem cells in the labs under aseptic conditions and are re-injected precisely with the help of intramuscular, intra-thecal or intra-arterial injections to optimize a maximum number of cells at the site of injury for successful results. The PRP injections are given along with the stem cells which stimulate the micro environment, cytokines, resident stem cells and the injected processed stem cells to boost healing processes such as inflammation, repair, and remodeling because this platelet rich plasma contains the high concentration of seven growth factors. After this, natural repair process of degenerated and injured tendons, ligaments, and arthritic joints initiate which enhances cartilage formation and suppress certain enzymes that lead to cartilage degeneration, further aiding in the release of inflammation which causes pain in the muscles or bones. Post-treatment the patient is asked to visit the doctor after a specific period of time for providing the rehabilitation therapy with the help of physiotherapy and other adjuvant techniques for better and faster recovery.
It has been well accepted by many people that stem cells hold a great potential for treating and reversing the effects of sports injuries as this therapy is safe, stem cells are abundantly available and give faster, better results, thus the stem cell therapy has a good chance of becoming the treatment of choice for sports injuries.
By Mr. VipulJain(CEO, Advancells)