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Friday , 19 April 2019
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Tamil Nadu Survey Report 2018

The Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR) commissioned perhaps the largest ever Voter Survey in any country. The survey was conducted between October 2018 and December 2018, prior to the General Elections to the Lok Sabha 2019. It covered 534 Lok Sabha constituencies with 2,73,487 voters participating in this exercise spread among various demographics. The three main objectives of this survey were to identify the following: (i) voters’ priorities on specific governance issues, (ii) voters’ ratings of the government’s performance on those issues, and (iii) factors affecting voting behaviour.

Focusing on Tamil Nadu, this report provides an analysis of 10 most important governance issues as rated by the voters of Tamil Nadu (out of the 31 listed in the questionnaire). These voters’ priorities are further examined in relation to the performance of the Government on those issues as perceived by the respondents. A three-level scale of GOOD, AVERAGE and BAD was used, where GOOD was given weightage equal to 5, Average was weighted 3 and BAD was weighted as 1. The survey covered approximately 19,500 respondents across all 39 parliamentary constituencies of Tamil Nadu.

KEY FINDINGS

  • The Tamil Nadu Survey 2018 shows that Better Employment Opportunities (40.20%), Better Hospitals/Primary Healthcare Centres (37.47%), and Drinking Water (35.02%) are the top three voters’priorities in overall Tamil Nadu.
  • The performance of the government on all top three voters’ priorities of Better Employment Opportunities (2.25 on a scale of 5), Better Hospitals/Primary Healthcare Centres (2.34), and Drinking Water (2.41)  was rated as Below Average.
  • In rural Tamil Nadu, top most voters’ priorities were Availability of Water for Agriculture (40%), Agriculture Loan Availability (40%), and Agriculture Subsidy for Seeds/Fertilisers (37%).
  • The performance of the government on rural voters’ priorities of Availability of Water for Agriculture (2.19 on a scale of 5), Agriculture Loan Availability (2.14), and Agriculture Subsidy for Seeds/Fertilisers (2.35) was rated as Below Average.
  • In addition, the government has performed poorly on Higher Price Realization for Farm Products (2.29) and Better Employment Opportunities (2.3) in rural Tamil Nadu.
  • For the urban voters in Tamil Nadu, the top most priorities were Better Employment Opportunities (48%), Traffic Congestion (46%), and Better Hospitals/Primary Healthcare Centres (43%).
  • The performance of the government on urban voters’ priorities of Better Employment Opportunities (2.21 on a scale of 5), Traffic Congestion (2.27), and Better Hospitals/Primary Healthcare Centres (2.15) was rated as Below Average.
  • In addition, the government has performed poorly on Noise Pollution (2.17) and Drinking Water (2.27) in urban Tamil Nadu.

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