More than 200 million girls and women alive today have experienced FGM in 30 countries in Africa, the Middle East and Asia where FGM is concentrated. FGM is a global issue however, and there are girls and women living with FGM in all regions of the world. It is therefore crucial that health care workers everywhere are able to recognize FGM and to treat girls and women effectively.
Girls and women who have been subjected to female genital mutilation (FGM) need high quality, empathetic and appropriate health care to meet their specific needs. The new WHO clinical handbook to helps health care workers provide such care.
In nine easy-to-read chapters, the new WHO Clinical handbook – Care of girls and women living with female genital mutilationgives essential information to health care professionals on how best to provide care to girls and women who have been subjected to any type of FGM, either recently or several years previously.
It includes advice on how to:
- communicate effectively and sensitively with girls and women who have developed health complications due to FGM;
- communicate effectively and sensitively with the husbands or partners and family members of those affected;
- provide quality health care to girls and women who have health problems due to FGM, including immediate and short-term urogynaecological or obstetric complications;
- provide support to women who have mental health and sexual health complications caused by FGM; make informed decisions on how and when to perform deinfibulation
- identify when and where to refer patients who need additional support and care; and
- work with patients and families to prevent the practice of FGM.