Mumbai: Kidney stones are a commonly occurring problem in many people, can lead to chronic kidney disease and ultimately kidney failure. It is essential to watch your fluid intake, follow a well-balanced diet, taking calcium in the recommended amounts and going for regular screening to avoid kidney problems occurring in the future.
The primary function of your kidneys is to flush out waste and fluid from the blood in order to make urine. But, there are many problems that can give a tough time to your kidneys and one of them is kidney stones. They can be described as solid masses that are made out of crystals. Kidney stones tend to form on your kidneys and can also develop on the bladder and urethra. Not drinking enough water, being obese, having a family history of kidney stones, certain medications, certain bowel conditions like Chron’s disease, polycystic kidney disease, and high levels of uric acid and calcium can result in the formation of kidney stones.
The symptoms of it are painful urination, bloody urine, nausea, vomiting, and frequent urge of urination. Kidney stones can increase your chances of suffering from chronic kidney disease. Your kidney may stop working and then this can lead to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) also known as kidney failure.
Dr Tarun Jain Urologist Apollo Spectra Mumbai said “Kidney problems may put a financial and social burden on people. 50% of the people with kidney stones may encounter some degree of kidney failure problem in later life if the stones are not addressed at the right time. Moreover, 12% of the total population is prone to urinary stones and that is also a matter of concern. The treatment for kidney stones may vary depending on the type of stone you have. One will be suggested medical management or endoscopic procedure surgical advances like laser and flexible scopes to check each and every aspect of the kidney for stones are painless day-care procedures and the patient can resume to his normal routine within a day.”
Dr Jain added, “Drink enough fluids after consulting your expert and try to opt for low-calorie drinks, exercise daily, restrict the amount of salt in the diet and give up on processed and junk food to prevent kidney stones. Eat fresh fruits, vegetables, pulses, and whole grains and monitor your calcium intake as going overboard is a strict no no. Those with kidney stones should go for regular screening to avoid kidney failure. The symptoms of kidney failure arise late so it is imperative to schedule regular follow-ups.”