1.) Plan your journey: Plan your journey before you take out your car. Make sure you avoid roads with frequent flooding, traffic heavy roads, roads with lot of ditches and manholes, and roads without proper path dividers and footpaths. Such roads tend to water log and become dangerous, jammed, and less visible.
2.) Equip your car with good accessories: Equip your car with good accessories to tackle any kind of bad situations. A defogger and a rear windshield wiper help a lot for driving during rains. A properly working hazard warning light will also help a lot during rainy conditions and a small umbrella in the car would be useful for getting out of the car and moving to a safer place. Another good tip is keeping some emergency food items like biscuits and bottles of water in your car.
3.) Driving in City: Having done all preparations and moving out to your destination. Here’s how to get going-
When you start the car, check out for proper working of all lights, wiper, brake functioning etc. You can always drive the car when there are moderate rains and road conditions are good. The risk factor arises when there are stormy rains and the road conditions are bad. A tougher situation is when you are driving in city roads, there is heavy rains and road starts flooding and there is no proper place for parking the car. In this kind of situations following guidelines like maintaining lane discipline would not only help for safer driving but also avoids traffic jams which if happens worsens the situation.
4.) Driving on Highways: Before taking out the car for long drives, ensure the car is in optimal condition. Check if all pre-monsoon maintenance has been carried out. When you drive your car on highways during rains, you will need to give extra attention. Keep in mind that visibility would be affected during rains, even if you are using the best of defoggers. Give proper signals like horn and indicators. If there are stormy rains, it’s always recommended to park the car at suitable place. A Petrol bunk or a toll fee junction or cross road junction nearby a town should be the best place to rest for a while and move once the weather condition favours safe driving.
5.) Flooding: The worst situation is that, you are driving the car and roads get flooded. You can drive the car if the water level is limited to the height of axle shaft. If it increases beyond that limit, the best thing to do is to stop the car and put a hazard warning triangle on top of the car. Driving the car with water entering the engine compartment will always lead to multiple problems in the functioning of car, up to and including seizure of rings. Never start the car if the car has undergone flooding with water entering engine compartment. The best thing to do is to call the breakdown service and get the car pulled to service station. The same rule applies for cars parked under basement of flats which have experienced flooding. The car should then only be started after proper cleaning and repair.