Overview and Meaning
The obsessive-compulsive disorder, commonly known as OCD, involves a pattern of intrusive thoughts and worries (obsessions) that lead to repeated (compulsive) behaviours. These obsessions and compulsions interfere with day-to-day life and cause considerable distress.
You may try to suppress or pause your obsessions, but that increases your anxiety and depression. In the end, you feel tempted to commit compulsive actions to try and relieve your discomfort. They keep coming around, despite attempts to suppress or get rid of evil thoughts or impulses. This leads to more ritualistic conduct — the vicious OCD loop.
OCD also focuses on such themes — for example, an unhealthy fear of germ-contamination. To relieve your worries of infection, you might be washing your hands compulsively until they are raw and chapped.
You may feel ashamed and humiliated about the disorder if you have OCD, but treatment can be successful.
Symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
Typically, the obsessive-compulsive disorder involves both obsessions and compulsions. But it’s also possible to have signs of paranoia or just signs of addiction.
The Psychologist in Jaipur state that you might not know that your obsessions and compulsions are unhealthy or irrational. Still, they take up a tremendous amount of time and interfere with your regular and social, education, or work functions.
Typically, you may experience regular intrusive thinking and compulsive behaviours while you have OCD.
- An obsession is an unwelcome and disturbing idea, picture, or desire that frequently occupies your mind, causing anxiety, discomfort, or uneasiness.
- An addiction is a repeated action or mental act that you believe is appropriate to alleviate the uncomfortable feelings of obsessive thinking momentarily.
For example, someone with an intense fear of being robbed may feel they need to ensure all doors and windows are latched several times before leaving their home.
Often women may have OCD during pregnancy or after the birth of their infant. Obsessions can include concerns about hurting the infant or failing to sterilize feeding bottles properly. Compulsions maybe stuff like ensuring the baby is breathing over and over again.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) affects individuals differently but commonly creates a similar pattern of thinking and behaviour.
OCD has three key elements:
- Obsessions – when an unwelcome, distracting, and sometimes distressing idea, picture, or impulse gets into your mind repeatedly
- Emotions – Fixation triggers an extreme feeling of anxiety or depression
- Compulsions – repetitive activities or mental actions that an OCD person feels forced to perform due to anxiety and depression induced by obsession
The compulsive behaviour momentarily relieves the fear and soon restores the obsession and anxiety, allowing the cycle to start again.
Some people with OCD have obsessive thoughts or only compulsions, but most people with OCD experience both.
At some point, virtually everyone has disturbing or unwanted feelings, such as thinking they might have forgotten to lock the house door, or even unexpectedly unexpected aggressive or offensive mental images.
But if you have a constant, disturbing mindset that consumes your mindset to the point that it affects other thoughts, you can get distracted.
Psychologist in Jaipur state some common obsessions affecting OCD sufferers include:
- Fear of intentionally injuring yourself or others, such as fear that you might injure someone else, including your kids.
- Fear of wronging yourself or others – for instance, fear that you could set the house on fire by leaving the cooker.
- Afraid of disease transmission, poisoning, or an undesirable material
- A desire for consistency or orderliness – you can sense, for example, the need to ensure that all tin labels in your wardrobe are facing the same direction.
You may have obsessive thoughts of a sexual or aggressive nature which you may find repulsive or scary. But they are just feelings, and getting them doesn’t mean that you’re going to act on them.
Compulsions begin as a way to try and mitigate or avoid anxiety induced by obsessive thinking, although this activity is either repetitive or unrealistically related.
For example, a person who fears germ contamination may continuously wash their hands. Someone who is afraid to hurt their family may be encouraged to repeat an action many times to “neutralize” the thinking.
Most people with OCD know that such compulsive behaviour is irrational and makes no logical sense, but they cannot resist acting on it and feel “just in case” they need to do so.
Popular forms of compulsive behaviour in OCD patients include:
- Repeating words in their head
- Thinking of “neutralizing” solutions to counter the intrusive thoughts
- Ordering and arranging
- Checking – such as ensuring the doors are closed, or the gas is off Avoid places and circumstances where intrusive thoughts can trigger.
- Cleaning and hand washing
- Asking for reassurance
Not all compulsive behaviours can become evident to others.
Some people with OCD may still have other severe mental health issues or improve them, including:
- Depression – an illness that usually triggers a constant sense of depression and hopelessness or a loss of interest in what you used to love.
- Eating disorders – conditions that are characterized by an unhealthy food attitude that causes you to alter eating habits and behaviours.
- Generalized anxiety disorder – a disease that causes you to feel nervous about a wide variety of circumstances and problems, rather than one particular occurrence.
- A hoarding disorder – a disease involving unnecessary purchasing of products and not being able to dispose of them, leads to unmanageable clutter levels.
People with OCD might also have suicidal thoughts or feelings.
Treatments for the obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
The Psychologist in Jaipur state that obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has a treatment available. Recommended therapy will depend on how much it will affect your life.
The two essential treatments are:
- Psychological counselling – typically a form of therapy that helps you deal with your anxieties and intrusive thoughts without compulsions “to put the correct”
- Medication – typically a form of antidepressant medication that can help by altering your brain’s chemical balance
For relatively mild OCD, a short course of therapy is commonly recommended. If you have more severe OCD, a longer duration of treatment might be required.
OCD therapy is typically a form of cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) with avoidance of exposure and reaction (ERP).
The Psychologist in Jaipur state whom this OCD treatment applies to. They are listed as follows:
Working with your therapist to differentiate your problems, such as your emotions, emotional feelings, and acts
Encourage you to face your fears and have obsessive thoughts without neutralizing them with compulsive behaviour; start with circumstances that cause the least anxiety before continuing to more challenging thoughts.
The therapy is complicated and can sound terrifying, but many people find the fear either improves or goes away when faced with their obsessions.
People with reasonably mild OCD typically take about 10 hours of therapy care, with activities in sessions completed at home. If you have more severe OCD, you can need a longer treatment time.
If therapeutic therapy does not help cure your OCD, or if your OCD is relatively severe, you can need medication.
The key prescribed medicines are a form of antidepressant called selective reuptake serotonin inhibitors (SSRIs). An SSRI can help relieve the symptoms of OCD by increasing the brain’s levels of a chemical called serotonin.
You may need to take 12 weeks of an SSRI before seeing any benefit.
Causes of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
The origin of the obsessive-compulsive disorder isn’t completely established. Relevant hypotheses are:
Biological. OCD may be a consequence of changes in the natural chemistry or brain functions of the body itself.
Genetics. OCD may have a genetic component, but unique genes have yet to be identified.
Lessons. Obsessive thoughts and compulsive habits may be acquired or progressively acquired over time by observing family members.
If you think you have OCD, and it has a significant effect on your life, it is essential to get treatment. If you assume a friend or family member may have an OCD, consider addressing your concerns with them and recommending that they get support. OCD treatment in the home usually doesn’t help.
OCD is unlikely to improve on its own or due to OCD treatment medications, but there are care and support available to help you control your symptoms and boost living conditions.
Psychologist in Jaipur, Dr. Sanjay Jain is an empathetic person and even more amazing doctor who treats OCD with ease and expertise. He has experience in making people feel better and lively after the sessions. You should book your appointment now!