Laparoscopic surgery is done using a special instrument called a laparoscope. Laparoscopic treatment can be used to cure a whole range of diseases ranging from hernia, gallbladder stones, hysterectomy, appendicitis weight loss, small or large intestinal surgeries. A laparoscope is a device that has a high-resolution camera attached to it that allows the obstetrician-gynecologist (ob-gyn) to view the abdominal and pelvic organs on a monitor. Laparoscopic and robotic surgery uses smaller incisions around 0-1.5cm than a conservative method does. Patients who undergo laparoscopic surgery experience less pain, lose less blood and return to normal activities more quickly.
Laparoscopy is generally used to look for the cause of chronic pelvic pain, infertility, or a pelvic mass in females. Laparoscopy or key-hole surgery is also used by surgeons to diagnose and treat the following medical conditions:
— Recent research shows reveal that an astonishing 10.8 million women around the globe suffer from endometriosis with one-third of women struggling to conceive. Some symptoms include mid-cycle pain during ovulation, constipation and bloating, shoulder pain or difficulty in breathing. If you have any of these symptoms and medications have not helped, it is recommended to undergo a laparoscopic treatment.
—Fibroids are benign or malignant tumors that develop on the inner lining of the uterus. Generally, fibroids are not cancerous and very few of them are malignant. These can cause pain or heavy bleeding. Laparoscopy is recommended by gynecologists to remove them.
—Some women have cysts which are sac-like structures that are filled with a liquid or semi-solid substance that develop on the ovaries. The cysts tends to go away without treatment. But if they do not, ob-gyn suggests patients that they get their cysts removed with laparoscopy. Laparoscopic treatment has proven to be more successful than traditional open surgeries.
Generally, doctors suggest two different sets of instructions that need to be followed by women who are undergoing laparoscopic treatment-
- Pre-surgery instructions
- Post-surgery instructions
Tips to be followed before the surgery-
Here are some of the instructions advised by a doctor that people must follow before going under-the-knife.
- Prior to the surgery, doctors recommend not to eat or drink any food or fluids as an empty stomach lowers the risks of general anesthesia.
- Before the surgery begins, avoid consumption of vitamins, natural supplements, analgesics that may contain aspirin as these tend to thin the blood which increases the risk of hemorrhage
- It is advisable to wear comfortable clothing for physical ease and relaxation. Doctors recommend especially silk clothes so that it is less irritable and allows to slip out of bed easily
- If a patient who is about to undergo a laparoscopic surgery have hemorrhoids, it is suggested to keep over-the-counter medicines such as gels, lotions, or medicated creams handy.
Tips to be followed after the surgery-
After the procedure, it is natural to feel tired and has some discomfort after laparoscopic treatment. Sometimes patients may find sore around the incisions made in the abdominal area and navel. Feeling pain in the shoulder or back is very common. This pain is due to the remaining small amount of carbon dioxide that is being inserted during the procedure in the abdomen. It goes away on its own within a few hours or days. For a steady and faster recovery, doctors provide their patients with a set of instructions so that they can resume their daily activities as soon as possible. Some of them are mentioned below-
- After treatment, wounds need to be taken care of. Hence, keeping a pillow or sweater between car seat-belt and the abdomen helps to reduce pressure on wounds
- Sometimes after laparoscopic surgery, the patient may feel nauseated. It is recommended to carry a bag or bowl when
- To relieve gas pain that is caused due to the trapped carbon-dioxide which was inserted through a cannula, drinking peppermint tea helps.
- According to com, individuals should consume broths or soups for a day or two. Then patients slowly shift towards the consumption of high-fiber foods such as pears, bananas, carrots, red or white kidney beans, whole-wheat pasta or bread is advised. Green, leafy vegetables that are filled with antioxidants should be incorporated in the diet plan. This allows smoother bowel movements and lowers the chances of constipation.
- Drinking 1.5 – 2 liters of water daily aids in eliminating traces of anemia as well as prevent constipation
- Avoid trans and saturated fats like fats found in butter, margarine, salad dressing, fried foods, snack foods or sweets. Instead of regular oil, prepare food in vegetable oils such as olive oil or peanut oil which are good fats.
- Within 24 hours of surgery, start taking small walks to the bathroom or around the bed. This helps in speeding up the recovery process. It might seem exhausting at the beginning but eventually, it gets easier.
After laparoscopic surgery especially for endometriosis, the pain of the first period can be excruciating. The reason being that the healing is not complete within the time of the next cycle and the reproductive organs are still tender. It is recommended to visit an ob-gyn or gynecologist, if the pain is intolerable.